Canberra was established in 1901 ( at Federation) to provide a 'neutral' headquarters for the new seat of government. Canberra situated midway between Sydney and Melbourne was a compromise between the two cities who both felt they had the greatest claim to be the Capital of Australia and the place where the government headquarters should be located.
Rising from the middle of nowhere Canberra is an oasis of low rise buildings with an abundance of local and European vegetation with glorious seasonal colour in autumn and springtime. It was planted with almost 12 million trees many of them imported from Europe in the early 20th Century.
The American architect, Walter Burley Griffin, won the international competition to design the new capital city, and it is a very attractive City despite being derided by most Australians who dislike its planned and highly ordered feel.
In the centre of the city sits a huge artificial lake around which sit the many government, law, and museum buildings. Many citizens now windsurf and sail on the lake.
Canberra has a population of 309,800 people. 60% of Canberra’s residents are civil servants, many of whom leave the capital at the weekends.
Many people who work in Canberra live in hamlets or on farms outside the city on an excellent road network. Traffic Congestion is relatively unknown in the city.
Its Population may be sparse however Canberra's cultural life is very rich due to the number of important visitors, the high education level of its residents and their diverse and sophisticated interests.
The city is home to the Australian National University, the Australian Institute of Sport, the Australian National Gallery, and the Australian National War Memorial and Museum. The city also boasts many parks and recreational areas.
The high temperatures and the remoteness of the Northern Territory means it has a very low 0.75% of Australia’s total population - just 199,900 people. The population of Darwin is around 107,000 and of Alice Springs, 24,600. Almost 28% of the Northern Territory’s population are Aboriginal. More than 50 different ethnic groups are represented in Darwin and 24% of people speak a language other than English.
The economy in the Northern Territory has experienced rapid growth attributed to developments in mining, tourism and oil. Darwin’s proximity to Asia makes it an important Australian gateway to countries such as Indonesia and East Timor.
'Schools of the air' operate in the Northern Territory, using two-way radio, video and computers, to bringthe classroom to isolated students and Secondary Correspondence Schools offer an excellent range of secondary courses up to university entry level for those who do not have access to normal school facilities.
The Northern Territory Health Services are remarkable, considering the distance and difficult terrain theyCover. There are modern, well - equipped hospitals in Darwin, Alice Springs, Katherine, Tennant Creek and Nhulunbuy.
Although closer to the capital cities of three other countries Darwin is a modern city which providesThe services and lifestyle expected of any Australian City. Darwin has a vibrant arts scene and the Darwin Festival and the Darwin Fringe festival are annual events. A range of art galleries including specialised Aboriginal art galleries are a feature of Darwin.
Queensland is one of the most popular tourist destinations, boasting the Great Barrier Reef, the Whitsunday Islands, and the World Heritage areas of Daintree Forest and Fraiser Island. Queensland with its beautiful weather is often referred to as the 'Sunshine states'.
Australia is the worlds second largest exporter of raw cane sugar and 95% of this sugar comes from Queensland. The territory's biggest industries are tourism and and manufacturing.
For more than 20 years, Queensland has experienced a consistently higher population growth than the other states. This is not only down to overseas immigration but interstate migration. Queensland is the place where most Australians wish to live and is especially appealing as a place to retire.
The capital, Brisbane is Australia’s third largest city, home to 1.6 million people, and was named after Sir Thomas Brisbane, the Governor of New South Wales from 1821 – 1825. Brisbane is situated beside a river running inland from the tourist towns of the coast and boasts some stunning Victorian architecture.
Along with Beijing, Berlin, Birmingham and Marseille, Brisbane was nominated as one of the Top 5 International Music Hotspots by Billboard in 2007.
Brisbane has hosted several major sporting events including the 1982 Commonwealth Games and the 2001 Goodwill Games. The city also hosted events during the 1987 Rugby World Cup, 1992 Cricket World Cup, 2000 Sydney Olympics, the 2003 Rugby World Cup and will host the Grand Final of the 2008 Rugby League World Cup.
South Australia has a Mediterranean climate, ideally suited to the production of wine and you canfind many vineyards in the Barossa valley of the region established by early European settlers. In fact more wine is produced in South Australia than in any other state or territory in Australia.
The majority of the region’s 1.5 million population lives in Adelaide - 1.1 million. Adelaide is situated on the River Torrens. The city stretches 56 miles from its southernmost to northernmost suburbs.
The standard of homes in Adelaide is among the highest in the country, and rented accommodationis cheaper than most other states. Industrial property rental is on average 35% less then in other Australian capitals. Adelaide has excellent sporting and entertainment facilities and a highly regarded education system.
South Australia is an important industrial and scientific centre, and is home to a rapidly expanding electronics industry. The University of Adelaide is one of Australia’s Premier Universities and consistently ranks highly in winning research funds in the Asia-Pacific region.
South Australia has the highest ratio of health professionals per capita in Australia and has 173 public and private hospitals. The city has a permanent symphony orchestra, ballet and opera company, and hosts the world-famous Adelaide festival every summer. Adelaide offers a very attractive environment with some fine architectural features and is known as the 'City of Churches'.
The mean temperature in January, the height of the summer, varies between 8°C and 21 °C along the coast, however in Sydney it is 22°C. The maximum temperature in July is 17°C and minimum is 8°C
Most people migrating to Australia seriously consider living in Sydney. It has thriving ethnic communities, Good infrastructure, excellent consumer choices and cultural pastimes, and strong local and international Business activity.
New South Wales is probably the Australian state visited the most by tourists and business people alike. This is largely due to its spectacular city, Sydney, which played host to the Olympic games in 2000.
Sydney has a population of nearly 4.1 million people. The second largest city in New South Wales is Newcastle, on the northern coast 105 miles from Sydney, with a population of 350,000
The city of Sydney is open and spacious, surrounded on three sides by national parks and on thefourth by 37 miles of spectacular coastline. The Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Opera House, which are the most dramatic features of the Harbour, were opened in 1932 and 1973 respectively.
Sydney is one of Australia's most historic cities, as it was into Botany Bay, just south of Sydney, that Captain Cook sailed in the Endeavour in 1770. In May 1787 the first fleet of 1,044 people, including 759 convicts set sail from Portsmouth and arrived in Australia eight months later. Unimpressed with Botany Bay’s windswept barrenness, the fleet moved north in search of a more suitable site and six days later the ships arrived at what became Port Jackson, described by Captain Phillip as 'the finest harbour in the world'.
During the 1850's, a gold rush brought a new influx of settlers which continued until the end of the 19th century, and by 1925 the area around Sydney had a population in excess of one million.
Sydney today boasts Australia’s most influential Central Business District (CBD) and most national and international businesses chose to have their major Australian offices Australian offices in Sydney.
Darling Harbour houses the Sydney Aquarium, Chinese Gardens, Powerhouse museum and the National Maritime Museum. The Rocks is Sydney's most historic area and much of it has been restored to its former glory.
There are many beaches around the Sydney area, the most famous are Bondi and Manly. The most beautiful and uncrowded beaches lie further north and south of the city.
Sydney is a cultural centre and home to the Sydney Opera and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, both based at the Opera House.
New South Wales has many special events during the calendar year. In January Sydney is host to The Country Music festival, the New South Wales Tennis Open and the Sydney Festival. The Sydney Film
Festival and the Darling Harbour Jazz Festival takes place in June.
The Blue Mountains, 62 miles west of Sydney, is a national park containing some of the most breathtaking scenery in the world so called because of the blue haze which rises from the Eucalyptus forests which dominate the landscape. The 617, 762 acre park is composed mainly of sandstone which has been eroded over the ages by rivers and creeks, to form dramatic valleys.
Hunter Valley lies 93 miles north of Sydney and is the main wine producing region of New South Wales. Famous Wineries in this region include Mc Williams, Lindermans, Tyrells and Mount Pleasant.
It is almost completely mountainous and has a very large rural population. Many people liken the green windswept landscape to that of Scotland.
With its more temperate climate and more fertile land Tasmania has a high production of orchard and Berry fruit. Tasmania also has a thriving fishing industry and catches include salmon, oysters and crayfish.
Farming of beef and dairy cattle, lamb and wool sheep are all important in the north east of the state.
Approximately 20% of Tasmania is a world heritage area from the southwest wilderness area with its dense rainforest and mountains to to its extensive cave systems with Ice age aboriginal art.
The central lakes area is dominated by the hydroelectric schemes which produce the states electricity.
Hobart is Tasmania's Capital City and was founded in 1804. The city became wealthy in the mid nineteenth century through its shipbuilding, whaling and port facilities and is now home to around 180,000 people.
Tasmania is becoming increasingly popular as a migration destination. The high standard of education, Tasmania was the first British Colony to make education compulsory in 1898, modern health facilities and cheap housing are all strong attractions.
Tasmania offers a breathtaking natural environment more akin to the UK than many of the harsh, sun baked parts of mainland Australia.
Victoria is geographically diverse, with the Great Dividing Range being a major landmark. This extends for more than 3,000 kilometres along Australia's eastern coast, with the section in northeast
Victoria comprising alpine forests known as the High Country. Victoria's other main geographic feature is its 1,800 kilometres of coastline, which ranges from sandy beaches and rugged cliffs to mangrove-fringed mud flats.
As Victoria is a compact state, you can experience changing landscapes in just a few hours travel. Victoria boasts a population of approximately 5 million, of which 3.4 million live in Victoria's capital city, Melbourne, built around Port Phillip Bay.
In 1990 the Population Crisis Committee, based in Washington DC, rated Melbourne the world’s most liveable city in terms of safety, health, and air quality. Melbourne’s location of the coast between the Pacific ocean and the beautiful Dandegong hills provides a perfect living environment, and its cultural and Sporting facilities are unequalled elsewhere in Australia. Melbourne flourished in the gold rush of the 1850’sAnd as a consequence it became the Australian centre for business and commerce. Today 16 of Australia's top 50 innovative companies have their headquarters in Melbourne.
Melbourne is widely known as the Cultural capital of Australia with the Australian Ballet company and the Australian film Industry based here. The city is also Australia’s premier shopping location.
Western Australia encompasses the whole range of climatic and geographical zones and is so huge that you could fit the whole of Europe in and still have room for more.
The state is rich in a wide variety of natural resources including iron ore, gold, industrial diamonds, mineral sands, wool, wheat, salt and forest products. Since the 1960s, the Western Australian economy has grown faster than that of any other Australian State. Western Australia is now second to New South Wales as the most popular destination for business migrants and more than a quarter of Western Australia’s population was born overseas.
Western Australian education is of a very high standard, both in the public and private sector with world-class education facilities and is a world-leader in certain areas of research such as wave technology.
Real estate costs are among the lowest in the country with more than two-thirds of all homes being privately owned.
Perth is located along the banks of the Swan River and is an absolutely stunning city with a friendly atmosphere and laid back lifestyle. The centre of Perth is dominated by King’s Park which is around 1,000 acres of natural bushland and landscaped gardens.
Perth Concert Hall is the city's main concert venue and hosts theatre, ballet, opera and orchestral performances. Other theatres include an auditorium within the Perth Convention Exhibition Centre, the historic His Majesty's Theatre and Burswood Dome, which hosts music concerts. Outdoor concerts are regularly held in Kings Park and Subiaco Oval.